Technology plays an enormous role in our daily lives, from the basic apps to the foremost ground-breaking inventions. Each website, software, and application that we encounter has been built by web developer — but what exactly is web development, and what does a web developer do?
For a normal person, it can appear to be a sophisticated, confusing and somewhat inaccessible field. So, to enlighten the young people in this fascinating industry, we’ve put together the last word introduction to web development and what it takes to become a fully-fledged web developer.
What's Web Development?
Web development is the process of building websites and applications for the web, or for a personal network referred to as an intranet. Web development isn't the planning of a website; rather, it’s all about the coding and programming that powers the website’s functionality.
From the simple, static sites to social media platforms and apps, from eCommerce websites to content management systems (CMS); all the tools we use via the web on a day to day are built by web developers.
Client-side coding (frontend), server-side coding (backend) and database technology these are 3 components of Web developers.
Let’s take a glance at each of those layers in additional detail.
• Client-side: Client-side scripting, or also widely known as frontend development, refers to everything that the end-user experiences directly. Client-side code executes during a browser and directly relates to what people see once they visit the website. Things like flow, presentation, layout, fonts, colours, menus and get in touch with forms are all driven by the frontend.
• Server-side: Server-side scripting or most people know backend development, is all about what goes on behind the scenes. The backend is actually a part of the website that the user doesn’t actually see or knows. Server-side has the responsibility for storing and organizing data and ensuring that everything on the client-side runs smoothly. It does this by communicating with the frontend. Whenever something happens on the client-side — say, a user fills out a form — the browser sends an invitation to the server-side.
• Database Technology: Websites run on database technology like a backbone. The database contains all the files and content that are necessary for the website to function, storing it in such how that creates it easy to retrieve, organize, edit and save. The database runs on a server, and most websites typically use some sort of the Database Management System (RDBMS).
What Does A Web Developer Do?
The role of the online developer is to create and maintain websites. Web developers can easily work- in-house or freelance, and therefore the specific tasks and responsibilities involved will vary counting on whether they’re working as a frontend, backend or full-stack developer. Full-stack developers concentrate on both the frontend and backend.
Web developers are liable for building a product that meets both the client’s needs and people of the client or end-user. Web developers coordinate with stakeholders, clients and designers so as to know the vision: how should the ultimate website look and function?
A large part of web development also revolves around identifying and fixing bugs so as to constantly optimize and improve an internet site or system. Web developers are regularly challenged to come with solutions and workarounds to stay things running smoothly and therefore keen problem solvers.
All web developers are proficient in specific programming languages, and it’s very rare that a web developer knows all languages, you need to have a hold on some languages.
What Does A Frontend Developer Do?
The frontend developer implements and manages interactive and navigational elements like buttons and scrollbars, images, the website’s layout, content and internal links (links that navigate from one page to a different within an equivalent website). Frontend developers also are liable for ensuring optimal display across different browsers and devices. They will code the website in such manner to create it responsive or adaptive to varied screen sizes in order that the user gets an equivalent experience whether they’re visiting the website on desktop, mobile, or tablet.
Frontend developers also will perform usability tests and fix any bugs that arise. At an equivalent time, they're going to consider SEO best practices, maintain software workflow management, and develop tools that enhance how the user interacts with an internet site in any browser.
What Does A Backend Developer Do?
Behind the beauty of frontend is actually the backend and is also the brains behind. A backend developer is therefore accountable for building and maintaining the technology needed to power the frontend, consisting of three parts: a server, an application and a database.
The code that is created by the backend developers ensures that everything the frontend developer builds is fully functional, and it's the backend developer’s job to form sure that the server, application and database all communicate with one another. So how do they are doing this? First, they use server-side languages like PHP, Ruby, Python and Java to create the appliance. Then they use tools like MySQL, Oracle and SQL Server to seek out, save or edit data and deliver it back to the user in front-end code.
***Just like frontend developers, backend developers will liaise with the client or business owner so as to know their needs and requirements. They're going to then deliver these during a number of the way counting on the specifics of the project. So, the back-end development tasks include creating, building server-side software using backend frameworks, integrating and managing the database, developing and deploying content management systems (for a blog, for example), also working with, API integration, web server technologies, and operating systems.
Backend developers also are liable for testing and debugging any backend elements of a system or application.
What does a full-stack developer do?
A full-stack developer is someone who understands, the “full-stack” of technology: i.e. both the frontend and therefore the backend. Full-stack developers are experts in every stage of the online development process, meaning they're well-equipped to urge hands-on, but also can guide strategy and best practices.
Most full-stack developers have gathered a few years of experience during a sort of different roles, giving them a solid grounding across the whole web development spectrum. Full-stack developers are proficient in both frontend and backend languages and frameworks, also as in server, network and hosting environments. they're also well-versed in both business logic and user experience.
A Career as a Web Developer
A career in web development is challenging, financially rewarding, and features a lot to supply in terms of job security. According to the statistics- 15% employment growth for web developers between 2016 and 2026 — much faster than average — and web developer ranked as the 8th best job title in tech-based on salary and employment rates. Salary varies counting on location, years of experience and therefore the specific skills you bring back the table; determine more about what proportion you'll earn as an internet developer here.
The first step to a career in web development is to find out the required languages, libraries and frameworks. You’ll also get to familiarize yourself with a number of the above-mentioned tools, also as some common terminology. For a beginner-friendly introduction, start with these 50 web development buzzwords that each one new programmer should learn.
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